by Katjivena Katji, Al Arabiya
photo by Polina Spartyanova
It was 4 am when the Honourable Delegates of the Security Council were allowed to take a breath after their emergency meeting on Turkey’s disastrous situation.
The SNN asked them about their thoughts and feelings on this unexpected event. The Delegate from the People’s Republic of China incorporated us in the situation.
China acknowledges its responsibility as a United Nation member first and most importantly as a permanent member of the Security Council. The delegate states that China is always ready to respond to crisis that threatens world peace, as this is part of the Security Council’s obligations.
The crisis in Turkey was a surprise, but China showed its ability to work under pressure, despite spending the whole day in deliberation on the Korean crisis, remarked the delegate. She expressed further gratitude towards all other delegates of the United Nation Security Council for their quick reaction to the call of duty and meaningful contribution to the presidential statement.
The SNN team got familiar with the French delegate’s story. The representative stated his satisfaction with the successful outcome; however, he believes that more up to date information from the Secretary General would have made the work of the Security Council easier. The French delegate hopes for better time management and information, because it plays a crucial role for decision making and resolutions on crisis situations.
The Russian Federation’s delegate was extremely delighted that peace was maintained. Although he recognized the evening to be extremely stressful, he nevertheless expressed his delight with the interesting opportunity to work under such tense conditions.
In the end all of the delegates were highly satisfied with the outcome and applauded the well done job.
“You never know what can happen, where or when. Yesterday’s situation demonstrated to us that you always have to be ready”, remarketed the beautiful delegate from Morocco. “To be honest, we all wanted to sleep but we made it and made it good.”
by Katjivena Katji, Al Arabiya and Alexandra Sverrisson, faz
After three days of deliberations it seems that the U.S.S.R. and UK wish to end this more intrusive, insisting on military intervention and threatening to veto any resolution that does not include it. Other countries proposed the adoption of aggressive diplomatic measures.
Later on, a draft resolution on the possible measures was presented. The goal is stopping the Apartheid in South Africa, which undermines the basic human rights of the native African society. The Secretary General himself came to give instructions on the document. Overall, there were around 12 amendments to be discussed and debated.
The most interesting part was the appearance of a delegate from France. Using simultaneous translation he gave a very strong speech about the failure of all participating countries to recognize the threat of military intervention for civilians. According to him, the use of such force is no legitimate solution to the problem in South Africa. He prompted for a new approach.
with the kind help from the Chair and the delegate from Ghana
Ghana is eager to accept feasible and functional solutions. Nevertheless, such a move to the suitable direction cannot proceed without the necessary cooperation and collaboration of the USSR and the UK. The “military intervention” has been repetitively utilized without any specific strategy or tactic being indicated. We encourage USSR and UK help the Security Council to go forward with the majority viewpoints.
China, Italy, Japan. Sweden, USA, Panama and France have used all potential methods to offer solutions. Yet, the veto power is exploited and the talks in the HSC are negatively affected.
by Alexandra Sverrisson, faz
The second guest lecture at this year’s SOFIMUN conference was held by the Culture and Press Department’s chef of the German Embassy in Sofia Mr. Matthias Dehner. Fitting conceptually to yesterday’s presentation on the open source form of education, it covered the topic of the new wave of civic activity. The main question revolved around the recent protest movements and their impact on world politics.
Just in the last 3 years we have witnessed quite a few tendencies of this sort. Dehner’s overview summarized what has happened on a global scale. The first massive event was the Arab Spring that broke out in late 2010. The revolutionary wave of demonstrations, protests and riots is believed to be catalysed by the self-immolation and later on death of Mohamed Bouazizi, a Tunisian struggling with unemployment and poverty. The dissatisfaction with the government in power and the system as a whole spread like wild fire over the borders of Tunisia into Egypt, Libya, Syria, Yemen and Bahrain. In 2011 the Israelis expressed their frustration with the cost of living, the inefficacy of the health and education systems as well as the social gap between the rich and the poor through mass demonstrations. Later on, the people of Spain, India, Turkey, Brazil and Bulgaria all engaged themselves in the political and social reality by means of riots and protests.
Presenting this historical background, Dehner prompted the participants to take part in a dynamic discussion about the differences and similarities between those events. Firstly, the Chair José Antonio Villena Sierra mentioned media influence as a crucial point of divergence. Media reactions differ in the way they covered demonstrations and riots, reporting some of them and ignoring others. The Secretary General Manolis Batistakis noted that, for example, the Arab Spring was triggered by the disastrous situation in Russia, where fires burned huge territories and damaged wheat plantations. His point was that the lack of food for export played a huge role in the crisis. Furthermore, there are recognizable differences in the police reaction to those massive movements. In Turkey, for example, the police forces acted quite aggressively, while Bulgarian policemen showed respect and support for their fellow citizens.
Similarities were recognized in the global dissatisfaction with the old status quo. The reactions showed the culmination of increasing tension and the willingness of the youth to take the initiative. Also, in most cases the social unrest started with relatively small issues and escalated quickly into huge challenges for the government. Social media played a great role for the events as well, giving voice to otherwise neglected actors or uncovered by the traditional media topics. Basic democratic values were also a key mark. Rule of the people is the new way of governing that compensates for the government’s failure to meet citizens’ expectations.
Further the participants discussed whether the movements are mostly started by the middle class or not, giving a variety of different points of view. In the end, the German representative summed up what his country and other delegates can do to support the new movements. Social inclusion values, transparency, encouragement of civic participation are just a few the key elements that should be implemented in their political activity.
by Katjivena Katji, Al Arabiya
photos by author
After long talks and negations the Delegate from the People’s Republic of China finally agreed to give statement on the Nuclear Crises. The young, charming and erudite representative said the following: “The People’s Republic of China is eager and willing to find a working solution to the Korean Crises. China believes that no one should be allowed to throw region and even the world into chaos for its selfish gains. While pursuing its own interests, a country should accommodate the legitimate interest of the other, she further added on”.
The honorable delegate once again informed our reporters and also asked the rest of the committee to be well aware that China maintains and will always advocate for a foreign policy of friendliness, cooperative, harmony and peace.
The position of China could be useful to reaching an amicable agreement between DPRK and other parties. China hopes to gain the support of Luxembourg, France, Russian Federation, the USA and Australia. She hopes that they all play a major role in determining the future of the Korean crises: “The whole council holds the key to unlocking the door to peace in the Korean Peninsula”.
In her finial word the honorable delegate encouraged the rest of the members to view the People’s Republic of China as a friend and that. The Chinese government recognizes the potential threat of this crisis and is ready to actively engage in foreign policy mechanism in the name of its resolution.
by Polina Spartyanova, SNN editor
photos by the author
At the second day the Security Council invited a delegate from North Korea to see his point of view about sending IAEA inspectors to its nuclear facilities.
SC – France: Would the DPRK be willing to admit IAEA inspectors to its nuclear facilities?
North Korea: Our people, lead by the great Kim Jong Un, reject any intervention. Independence should never be impaired from other countries.
SC- China: Is the DPRK willing to return to the NPT?
NK: DPRK used nuclear power only for peaceful needs. That’s why our great leader thinks that we don’t need recognition for that.
SC-China: Does the DPRK has any legitimate security concerns that the SC should take into consideration?
NK: Our dear respected leader, representing all the people of Democratic Korea, has concerns about the capitalistic USA and possibility of intervention in our land with the help of the army of South Korea.
SC-USA: Why did the withdrawal from the NPT having previously stated that the uranium enrichment program is directed at production of nuclear fuel?
NK: Our great nation, decide to withdraw, because our concerns of legitimacy of NPT for reasons like this managed by capitalistic USA.
SC-USA: What can the USA realistically do to establish peaceful relations with DPRK?
NK: Our great leader, followed by all the people of Korea, thinks that the only way to establish relations with the capitalistic USA is when capitalistic USA capitulate and join all the country to the real socialistic world.
SC-USA: Would the DPRK sign another armistice agreement with SK?
NK: We will sign anything, when the capitalistic USA capitulates unreservedly!
SC-Russia: Is NK willing to expand the extent of the demilitarized zone provided SK agrees to do the same as well?
SC-Russia: Are they willing to come together with SK in order to open facilities such as the Kaesong Industrial Complex?
NK: Our great nation is opened for every friend of the socialistic world. However we can’t ignore complexes, which are of national importance for the capitalistic world and the non-socialistic countries.
SC-Luxembourg: Is the DPRK willing to return the Six Party talks and, if so, on what terms?
NK: Our awesome leader is ready for any cooperation when you, capitalistic pigs return the fluffy unicorns to the great land of Democratic People of Republic Korea!!!
After that the delegate from North Korea stormed out form the conference room.
By Alexandra Sverrisson, faz
Yesterday afternoon SOFIMUN offered its delegates and participants the chance to hear Hristian Daskalov’s guest lecture on the topic of open source education. His first vital point covered the issue of contemporary global crisis that has spread indif
ferent branches for the last several years. The present state of the economic sector has proved the lack of execution of proper change and crisis management. Daskalov argued further that mismanagement on high levels has led to a mixture of serious problems not only for the current global situation, but also for future generations. The old system just proves to be unable to satisfy the demands of our social environment. Having to deal with debt, unemployment and the inefficacy of the old status quo, citizens start expressing their frustration on a global scale. The last months have simply proven this point: mass protests in Turkey, Bulgaria and Brazil exemplify just a few cases of loud display of dissatisfaction and willingness to express it.
Daskalov pointed out that this hindering situation has nevertheless given birth to a new wave of political activity: the freelance politicians. This type of politically engaged citizens promote policies that are considered relevant for their community. Yet they don’t hide behind the name of a specific political party which distinguishes them from the traditional idea of a political activist.
Coming to his point, Daskalov linked the mentioned political structure to the second social system that also massively lags behind: education. Rooted in the 19th century, the whole concept is so heavily outdated that it simply cannot serve the needs of our labour market. Based on studies, employers seek for interpersonal and intellectual skills, flexibility, the ability to take more responsibility and to analyze more complex tasks in their employees. The current education system, however, has only limited knowledge to offers. It basically fails to adapt to the new reality.
Daskalov offered therefore his resolution to the problem. He introduced the open source form of education which is similar to the above mentioned freelance political activity: he called it “hacking the system”, meaning getting rid of the old one and replacing it with an efficient new one. The open source program brings all the pieces together, because it endorses knowledge of the human culture and the world, it builds up personal and social responsibility, and develops the flexibility in a variety of situations. Open source practices cover high impact practices such as learning communities, common intellectual experiences, community-based learnings etc.
The best part of Daskalov’s presentation was the fact that all this theoretical proposals actually do find their implementation in reality. The Find a Friend @ NBU (New Bulgarian University) mentoring program, for example, offers students the possibility to interact with and to learn from one another. New students build up contacts with students from a higher semester in which way the crucial base of a learning community is set, where people not only receive, but deliver knowledge. Already familiar with the shifts in our society, students can only benefit from the open source forms of education, part of which is also the SOFIMUN conference.
by Alexandra Sverrisson, faz
The second day of discussions in the Historical Security Council (HSC) didn’t go without surprises. Sent back in time, namely 1977, delegates from 10 countries were faced with the challenging task of convincing the South African government to discontinue the Apartheid in the country and all its inequalities.
The first part of the session revealed the achievements of the previous day: firstly, there were two blocks formed within the represented countries, a communist block and a more diplomatic one, secondly, the People’s Republic of China was starting off good with making a deal for Taiwan’s territory. The actual session began with a tangible accent on the diplomatic way of handling the situation. Japan noted that both blocks had the same goal, whilst the United States of America, the Republic of Benin, the People’s Republic of China and the United Kingdom all greeted the possible lack of economic sanctions for South Africa.
Later on, things got a bit more aggressive. Republic of Panama repeatedly asked the others to put aside the personal problems and focus on the main issues, but with Japan emphasizing on “having a realistic perspective”, meaning she will put her economic interest before everything else, the discussion shifted a little apart from the sought resolution.
Overall, there were two instances of a third party joining the discussion and changing its course drastically. After the first version of the draft resolution was rejected by the Secretary General, the delegates tried to work on shaping a new model. Nevertheless, the series of attempts failed due to the UK’s untiring exercise of her veto power. It seemed like the UK wasn’t willing to discuss anything and the Republic of Benin even tried to ask for a removal of her power. To the rescue came the Secretary General himself, who, rebuking what the HSC has done so far, managed to get the conference back going.
After the break an unexpected visit from the ambassador of South Africa took place. He pointed out that his country declines all suggestions and has no interest in receiving any help from the Council, because South Africa is a perfectly peaceful place with no diplomatic problems. Even the worries expressed by the Republic of Ghana, the USA and the Republic of Benin didn’t change his mind. He left without shifting his opinion of the Council’s work in a positive direction. This made the whole discussion quite contentious. Benin took a new course and mentioned the nuclear power of South Africa, which made everyone else nervous. China and U.S.S.R. reacted right away by stating that no time should be wasted against the possible possession of and access to nuclear weapons. Benin insisted further on drastic measures. Fortunately, everything calmed down when the delegate of U.S.S.R. did some research and confirmed South Africa’s first nuclear weapon test to have taken place in 1979.
SNN Daily Journal
Honorable Delegate of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
As things get heated up in the Security Council, there is a general feeling in the conference room that certain countries are out there only for their own interests and agendas.
“Seriously, Russia we are not that naive, we see through your smoked screen” remarked a delegate from Luxembourg after a representative of the Russian Federation expressed acceptance of People’s Democratic Republic of Korea’s nuclear research. The permanent members of the council voted against the removal of clause 6 in the working document, prepared and submitted by the French delegate. The Clause, which allows the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to continue with their nuclear energy research, obligated the country with some inspection from the organs.
The Delegate of the Russian Federation has on numerous occasions said that the DPRK should be entitled to develop its nuclear energy program, because every country has the right to reliable energy supply. However it was pointed out by the Luxembourg delegate that more than 70% of the DPRK’s energy comes from coal and the amount of blocked pits is equivalent to 60% of DPRK coal mines.. “It is their mines in crises, because their country’s lack of technology to pump out blocked pits”.
The delegate from Luxembourg believes that providing the DPRK with this technology will solve the energy problem that the PM’s are so concern about and it will be seen also as an “out of good will” on the part of the international community. The Honorable Delegate of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg didn’t understand why Russia is so determined to allow Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to develop their own nuclear energy program. The Delegate call on the committee to earnestly consider the alternative.