by Alexandra Sverrisson, faz
The second day of discussions in the Historical Security Council (HSC) didn’t go without surprises. Sent back in time, namely 1977, delegates from 10 countries were faced with the challenging task of convincing the South African government to discontinue the Apartheid in the country and all its inequalities.
The first part of the session revealed the achievements of the previous day: firstly, there were two blocks formed within the represented countries, a communist block and a more diplomatic one, secondly, the People’s Republic of China was starting off good with making a deal for Taiwan’s territory. The actual session began with a tangible accent on the diplomatic way of handling the situation. Japan noted that both blocks had the same goal, whilst the United States of America, the Republic of Benin, the People’s Republic of China and the United Kingdom all greeted the possible lack of economic sanctions for South Africa.
Later on, things got a bit more aggressive. Republic of Panama repeatedly asked the others to put aside the personal problems and focus on the main issues, but with Japan emphasizing on “having a realistic perspective”, meaning she will put her economic interest before everything else, the discussion shifted a little apart from the sought resolution.
Overall, there were two instances of a third party joining the discussion and changing its course drastically. After the first version of the draft resolution was rejected by the Secretary General, the delegates tried to work on shaping a new model. Nevertheless, the series of attempts failed due to the UK’s untiring exercise of her veto power. It seemed like the UK wasn’t willing to discuss anything and the Republic of Benin even tried to ask for a removal of her power. To the rescue came the Secretary General himself, who, rebuking what the HSC has done so far, managed to get the conference back going.
After the break an unexpected visit from the ambassador of South Africa took place. He pointed out that his country declines all suggestions and has no interest in receiving any help from the Council, because South Africa is a perfectly peaceful place with no diplomatic problems. Even the worries expressed by the Republic of Ghana, the USA and the Republic of Benin didn’t change his mind. He left without shifting his opinion of the Council’s work in a positive direction. This made the whole discussion quite contentious. Benin took a new course and mentioned the nuclear power of South Africa, which made everyone else nervous. China and U.S.S.R. reacted right away by stating that no time should be wasted against the possible possession of and access to nuclear weapons. Benin insisted further on drastic measures. Fortunately, everything calmed down when the delegate of U.S.S.R. did some research and confirmed South Africa’s first nuclear weapon test to have taken place in 1979.